英语中的倒装句

发布时间:  2020年07月10日 01:37:02 作者:  四川教育网

英语中的倒装句是一个很特殊的句式,我们的同学们需要认真来完成这样的一个学习任务,为了能够更好的完成这样的一个学习任务。接下来学大教育的专家们就为我们的同学们带来了英语中的倒装句的语法知识点,大家认真去学习吧。

英语语法 倒装

在英语中,主语和谓语的语序通常是主语在前,谓语在后。但有时由于语法或修辞的需要将谓语的部分或全部提到主语前面,这样的语序叫做“倒装“

倒装的种类:部分倒装---- 助动词\情态动词+主语+谓语的实义动词

全部倒装---- 谓语+主语

一. 在特殊句型中:

1.在疑问句中:

eg: Is this your cell phone number? What do you prefer?

2.在感叹句中:

eg: How happy they are! What fun it is!

3.在虚拟条件句中:

eg: If I were a bird, I could fly freely.=……

Had I known it earlier, I wouldn’t have lent him the money.

Long live peace! May our friendship be everlasting!

4.直接引语的一部分或全部放在句首时;

eg: “You should have been here earlier,” said the teacher.

“You,” said his father, “do the housework.”二. 在以下结构中用全部倒装:

1.在there be句型中;

eg: There are thousands of people gathering on the square.

There lived an old fisherman in the village.

2.在“here, there, now, thus, then+动词+主语”的句子中,(动词为be, go, come等);

eg: Now comes my turn. There goes the bell. Then came the order to leave.

3.在“out\ in, up\ down, off\away”以及表示地点的介词词组位于句首时;

eg: Away went the crowed one by one. In came a stranger in black.

Down fell the leaves. On the floor were piles of old books.

注意:若主语是人称代词,则用正常语序---- adv.+主语+谓语;

eg: Out she went. Here we are.

4.有时为了强调表语,构成“表语+连系动词+主语”结构;

eg: Lucky is she who was chosen to be a leader.

Gone are the days when women were looked down upon!

在以下结构中用部分倒装:

1.含有否定意义的adv或conj(not, seldom, little, hardly, never, rarely, nowhere, not until, not only, by no means等)位于句首时;

eg: He cannot speak an English word.----Not an English word can he speak.

I have never seen him before.----Never ……

The mother didn’t leave the room until the baby fell asleep.----Not until the baby fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

注意:not until引导的句子,主句倒装,从句不用倒装。

2.only位于句首,且修饰状语时,主句倒装;

eg: Only in this way can you use the computer well.

只有意识到这门课的重要,我们才能学好它。

Only she can settle this problem.(T\F?)

3.so用在句首,表示另一主语“也”时,用“So + be(have,助动词或情态动词)+主语”结构(有时也用as替代);若表示另一主语“也不”时,用“Nor\Neither + be(have,助动词或情态动词)+主语”结构;

eg: She has been to Heifei. So have we.

It is cold today. So it is.(T\F?)

She won’t accept that invitation. Neither\Nor will he.

注意:(1)“So + 主语 + be(have,助动词或情态动词)”表示对前面所说的话加以肯定,译为“的确如此”;

(2)若前面所说的既有肯定又有否定,或前后的谓语动词形式不一致,用“It is the same with + 主语”或“So it is with + 主语”;

eg: He worked hard, but didn’t pass the exam. So it was with his sister.

She is a teacher and she enjoys teaching. So it is with him.

4.在”as (尽管)”引导的让步状语从句中;(可以换成though)

eg: Shortest though she is, she is the richest.(最高级前不用冠词)

Child as he is, he knows a lot.(单数名词前不用a)

Fail as I did, I would try again.(动词提前,助动词留在原位)

Hard as he tried, he couldn’t pass the exam.(副词提前)

5.在”so…that…”和”such…that…”句型中的so和such位于句首时,用”so\such + adj + 主语+谓语”;eg: So difficult was the exam that more than a half of the students failed.

英语中的倒装句的语法已经很好的告诉给我们大家了,希望我们大家能够细心认真的来完成我们的学习任务,大家加油去做吧。